防控新型冠状病毒感染的肺炎期间,如何缓解焦虑情绪?

2020-02-07 21:19:00
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当前,在中国政府的领导下,全国防控工作正在有序进行。面对疫情,我们需要在保护自己免受疾病侵害的同时,保持好自己的心理健康。那么,我们应该怎么做呢?

At present, the prevention and control work across China is being carried out in an orderly manner under the leadership of the Chinese government. Facing the epidemic, we need to take good care of our mental health while protecting us from the disease. So, what should we do?

1. 怎样保持平稳愉悦的心情呢?

How to keep the good mood?

a.规律作息,不熬夜,合理饮食,多吃清淡食物。

Keep in a regular schedule and balance diet; don’t stay up late and eat light food.

b.进行室内休闲娱乐活动,如看书、看电视、听音乐、做手工、画画、舞蹈、锻炼、跟家人聊天等,保持积极心态。

Carry out indoor recreational activities, like reading books, watching TV, listening music, doing handwork, drawing, exercising, contacting with family members and try to keep in good mood.

2.每天看疫情信息过多,造成过度焦虑怎么办?

What should you do if you are nervous because focus on the information of pneumonia caused by novel coronavirus?

a.不要对疫情信息过度关注,建议每天接收有关信息不超过1个小时。

Don’t pay too much attention to the information of pneumonia caused by novel coronavirus and suggest to focus on the information less than one hour per day.

b.掌握正确的防护知识,外出佩戴口罩,保持手部卫生,如减少接触公共场所的公共物品和部位;从公共场所返回、咳嗽手捂之后、饭前便后,用洗手液或香皂流水洗手,或者使用含酒精成分的免洗洗手液;不确定手是否清洁时,避免用手接触口鼻眼;打喷嚏或咳嗽时,用衣肘遮住口鼻。

Keep your hands sanitized. Try to avoid touching public objects and parts in public areas. After returning from public areas, covering your cough, using the restroom, and before meals, please wash your hands with soap or liquid soap under running water, or use alcoholic hand sanitizer. Avoid touching your mouth, nose or eyes when you are unsure whether your hands are clean or not. Cover your mouth and nose with your elbow when sneeze or cough.

3.我自己的症状似乎是“新型冠状病毒感染肺炎”,该怎么办?

What should I do if I have symptoms that appear to be "novel coronavirs pneumonia"?

首先不必过于恐慌,保持镇定。

First of all, remember to stay calm.

a.如果出现发热,体温低于37.3°C,且没有流行病学史,可以进行自我隔离和观察,对症治疗。

If fever occurs with body temperature less than 37.3° C, and no previous exposure to the epidemic, self-isolation and observation may be conducted first, and treatment to symptoms should follow.

b.如果出现发热、干咳、乏力等症状,体温超过37.3℃,有流行病学史,请务必戴好口罩,保护自己,避免乘坐公共交通工具到就近发热门诊就诊。

If symptoms such as fever over 37.3°C , dry cough, and fatigue occur with previous exposure to the epidemic, please be sure to wear a mask, protect ourselves, seek immediate medical advice to the nearest fever clinic and avoid taking public transport.

c.及时联系老师报告情况。

Timely contact our teachers to report the situation.

最后,如果通过各种方法仍然不能很好地调控情绪,请同学们请寻求专业的心理机构进行心理辅导,或联系老师进行帮助。

Finally, If you still can't regulate your emotions well by various methods, please ask help from professional psychic apparatus or teachers.

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